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Table 1 The pongamia shell hydrolysate (PSH) nutrient composition before and after consumption by Rhodotorula pacifica INDKK

From: Harnessing pongamia shell hydrolysate for triacylglycerol agglomeration by novel oleaginous yeast Rhodotorula pacifica INDKK

Component PS (dry) Before cultivation After cultivation
Cellulose (%) 12
Holocellulose (%) 56.8
Xylan (%) 8
Glucose (g/L) 28.05 ± 0.01
Xylose (g/L) 18.13 ± 0.04 0.05 ± 0.08
Arabinose (g/L) 0.29 ± 0.01
Total proteins (g/L) 0.33 ± 0.02 0.23 ± 0.005
Total nitrogen (g/L) 1.90 0.053 ± 0.01 0.037 ± 0.02
Calcium (mg/L) 107 ± 0.87 6.3 ± 2.28
Sodium (g/L) 1.08 ± 0.15 0.84 ± 0.28
Magnesium (g/L) 1.53 ± 0.003 0.22 ± 0.06
Phosphorous (g/L) 2.05 1.51 ± 0.001 0.36 ± 0.12
Potassium (g/L) 6.32 1.53 ± 0.005 0.38 ± 0.12
Manganese (mg/L) 0.37 ± 0.05 0.24 ± 0.07
Iron (mg/L) 0.067 ± 0.009 0.036 ± 0.021
Sulphur (g/L) 0.276
5-HMF (g/L) 0.013 ± 0.005 0.01 ± 0.01
Acetic acid (g/L) 0.046 ± 0.01
  1. – not detected.