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Table 2 Chemical composition of maize shoot powder and its fractions

From: Enzymatic degradation of maize shoots: monitoring of chemical and physical changes reveals different saccharification behaviors

Sample Sugars (% dm) Ash Proteins Acetyl Lignin CA FA
Total Ara Xyl Glc Gal Uronic acids (%dm) (% dm) (% dm) Klason Lignin (% dm) Thio yield (µmol.g−1 KL) S/G (mg.g−1 dm) (mg.g−1 dm)
M 66.3 2.8 20.6 38.1 1.0 3.4 3.58 3.48 4.74 18.50 777.5 1.04 17.24 6.19
Mc- 67.2 2.7 22.1 38.0 0.8 3.2 2.61 2.17 3.75 19.01 823.5 0.92 19.00 6.79
Mc +  68.2 2.5 22.4 39.0 0.8 3.2 2.10 2.20 5.05 19.56 999.0 1.00 20.41 6.79
Mm- 67.6 3.4 22.3 37.1 1.1 3.3 4.01 2.42 3.98 14.79 748.5 0.90 12.54 5.19
Mm +  65.7 2.6 20.1 38.4 0.9 3.2 2.42 4.41 4.25 16.58 828.5 1.08 15.87 6.03
Mf- 67.3 3.6 19.8 37.6 1.4 4.3 3.38 3.70 4.06 15.43 720.5 1.28 15.37 5.70
Mf +  64.7 2.9 17.9 37.9 1.1 4.3 1.85 4.56 4.84 14.52 918.5 1.42 20.28 6.49
  1. Ara arabinose, Xyl xylose, Glc glucose, Gal galactose, Klason lignin: expressed according to the dry matter of the extractive free material, Thio yield: expressed according to the amount of klason lignin (KL), CA ester-linked p-coumaric acid, FA ester-linked ferulic acid, dm dry matter