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Table 1 Ethanol–water separation performance of PDMS membranes

From: Membranes for bioethanol production by pervaporation

Membrane material/support Feed concentration (wt. %) Feed temperature (°C) Separation factor Flux (g·m−2·h−1) References
Pervap 4060 5 50 7.1 1300 [55]
Pervap 4060 5 25 7 138 [56]
Pervap 4060 4 25 4 2078 [64]
Pervatech 5 50 6.7 2600 [55]
Pervatech 5 25 6 184 [56]
Pervatech 3 30 5 1608 [65]
PolyAn 5 25 6 369 [56]
SolSep 3360 8.7 33 7 1140 [66]
PDMS 1.5 66 10.4 150 [85]
PDMS 5 90 9 1906 [124]
PDMS 6 50 8.6 100 [125]
PDMS/PSF 10 60 11.6 1493 [48]
PDMS/PSF 5 60 8.2 1186 [93]
PDMS/PSF 4 45 5 1600 [113]
PDMS/ceramic 5 40 8.9 1600 [70]
PDMS/tubular zirconia/alumina ceramic 4.2 60 7.9 4190 [23]
PDMS/PES 5 40 5.5 1124 [126]
PDMS/PA 4 45  ~ 8.5  ~ 1850 [113]
PDMS/PA 10 40 5 160 [127]
PDMS/CA 3 50 1 2800 [45]
PDMS/CA 5 40 9.3 1140 [46]
PDMS/CA 5 40 8.5 1300 [22]
PDMS/CA 3 30 3.7 1060 [128]
Self-assembled monolayer-modified PDMS/PSF 5 60 13.1 413 [69]
Multiple sprayed PDMS/PSF 5 60 7.5 3275 [129]
PDMS/PI 3 41 4.6 120 [74]
PDMS/PVDF 9 60 11.2 1329 [43]
PDMS/PVDF 5 50 8.5 265 [44]
PDMS (prepared in water phase)/PVDF 3 30 11.5 449 [121]
Copoly(IPAA-FA)–PDMS blend 2.5 24 19.7 160 [114]
PDMS–HMDSO blend/PDMS-g-PVDF 10 35 5.1 1300 [115]
PDMS-b-PPO copolymer 5 60 8.5 3817 [116]
PDMS-b-PSSQ copolymer 5 30 11 106 [117]
SDS triblock copolymer 5 76 8.8 540 [118]
PDMS-PS-poly(4-hydroxystyrene) block copolymer/PVDF 8 25 6.8 4500 [130]
PDMS-g-phenylpropyne copolymer 7.3 30 22.5 553 [131]
PDMS-g-PS copolymer (dip-coating both sides of the PTFE support) 8.1 60  ~ 8.5  ~ 300 [49]
Segmented polyurethaneurea containing PDMS 10 40 8.6 130 [49]
PDMS-g-copolyimide PIS19 9.53 50 9.5 5720 [119]
Cross-linked PDMS 9.60 50 9.8 2690 [119]
PDMS plasma treated with octadecyldiethoxymethylsilane 4 25 16.3 16 [120]
F-PBZ-modified PDMS 5 50 5.1 215 [132]
PDMS impregnated into pores of PTFE 1.5 66 8.3 760 [85]
SBS/PDMS/F-42 3 50 7.5 162 [68]
Copoly(PDMS-phosphate ester)/TMVS-g-PVDF 10 –- 4.6 2850 [122]
Copoly(PDMS-phosphate ester)/TMVS-g-PVDF (multi-layer) 10 –- 31 900 [123]
PDMS (commercial hollow fiber) 3 30 10.6 6 [62]
PDMS/PSF (hollow fiber) 8 50 6.4 265 [63]
PDMS/PEI (hollow fiber) 4.6 30 8.4 243 [50]
  1. PSF polysulfone, PES polyethersulfone, PA polyamide, CA cellulose acetate, PI polyimide, PVDF polyvinylidene fluoride, IPAA-FA copoly(N-isopropylacrylamide/1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorododecyl acrylate), HMDSO hexamethyldisiloxane, PPO polyphenylene oxide, PSSQ phenylsilsesquioxane, SDS polystyrene-b-PDMS-b-polystyrene, PS polystyrene, PTFE polytetrafluoroethylene, F-PBZ fluorinated polybenzoxazine, SBS styrene–butadiene block copolymer, TMVS trimethoxyvinylsilane, PEI polyetherimide.