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Table 4 Ethanol–water separation performance of MFI membranes

From: Membranes for bioethanol production by pervaporation

Active layer Support Feed concentration (wt. %) Feed temperature (°C) Separation factor Flux (g·m−2·h−1) References
MFI α-Alumina tube 5 60 76 1050 [52]
MFI α-Alumina disc 10 110 5.2 51,600 [229]
MFI α-Alumina disc 10 60 4.8 8500 [230]
Silicalite-1 Silica tube 10 50 120 3160 [59]
Silicalite-1 Mullite tube 5 60 106 930 [53]
Silicalite-1 POTS-modified titania disk 5 75 103 2560 [209]
Silicalite-1 Silica tube 3 60 95 580 [188]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina tube 5 60 89 1810 [60]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina tube 5 60 85 1220 [53]
Silicalite-1 Silica tube 3 60 84 560 [186]
Silicalite-1 Silica tube 3 80 72 1200 [187]
Silicalite-1 Mullite tube 10 60 72 2550 [198]
Silicalite-1 Mullite tube 5 60 72 1410 [60]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel 4 30 70 330 [189]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina hollow fiber 3 60 66 2900 [195]
Silicalite-1 Mullite tube 5 60 66 1910 [61]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina tube 5 60 62 1820 [199]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel tube 5 30 62 225 [231]
Silicalite-1 Mullite tube 5 60 60 2850 [196]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel disc 4 60 58 760 [206]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina capillary 5 65 54 1500 [194]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina hollow fiber 5 60 51 7600 [197]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel 4 30 51 150 [232]
Silicalite-1 YSZ hollow fiber 5 60 47 7400 [54]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina tube 5 60 45 1380 [193]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina tube 5 25 43 200 [207]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel disc 4 30 42 540 [233]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel disk 5 30 41 0.1–0.5 [234]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina 16.1 75 40 1100 [235]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel tube 5 60 35 3670 [60]
Silicalite-1 α-Alumina tube 3 80 33 350 [187]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel 10 30 31 100 [236]
Silicalite-1 Mullite tube 10 60 20.2 694 [237]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel net 5 25 19.6 11,500 [238]
Silicalite-1 Stainless steel tube 5 25 10 70 [212]
Silicalite-1 α-alumina tube 9.4 70 1.3 2100 [239]
b-Oriented silicalite-1 Silica disc (quartz + Stöber) 5 60 85 2100 [191]
c-Oriented silicalite-1 Alumina hollow fiber 5 60 58 9800 [210]
c-/h0h-out-of-plane-oriented silicalite-1 Stainless steel tube 5 75 43 1200 [211]
ZSM-5 Titania tube coated with three intermediate ceramic titania layers 5.1 40 97.7 810 [47]
ZSM-5 POTS-modified α-alumina disk 5 75 58 1360 [209]
Silicalite-1 (coated with silicone rubber) Stainless steel 4 30 125 140 [232]
Silicalite-1 (modified with silane C18H37SiCl3) Stainless steel disc 4 50 45 133 [220]
Silicalite-1 (coated with silicone rubber) Stainless steel 10 30 43 230 [236]
Silicalite-1 (modified with dopamine) YSZ hollow fiber 5 60 44 2600 [190]
B-ZSM-5 α-Alumina tube 5 60 55 2600 [217]
B-ZSM-5 Alumina-coated SiC multi-channel monolith 5 60 31 160 [216]
B-ZSM-5 α-Alumina discs 5 55 13.9 1110 [240]
B-ZSM-5 Stainless steel tube 5 25 2.1 50 [212]
Ge-ZSM-5 Stainless steel tube 5 25 29 110 [212]
Ge-ZSM-5 Stainless steel tube 5 30 47 220 [214]
Al-ZSM-5 Stainless steel tube 5 25 9.4 60 [212]
Fe-ZSM-5 Stainless steel tube 5 25 3.4 60 [212]
Ti-silicalite-1 Mullite tube 5 60 127 770 [218]
Ti-silicalite-1 α-Alumina capillary 5 65 58.4 2200 [241]
Zr-silicalite-1 Mullite tube 5 60 73 1010 [219]