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Table 1 Regional substitution elasticities among vegetable oils in GTAP-BIO model

From: US biofuel production and policy: implications for land use changes in Malaysia and Indonesia

RegionElasticity valuesRegionElasticity values
EU5.0Rest of South East Asia5.0
Brazil0.5Rest of South Asia5.0
Japan5.0Central and Eastern Europe5.0
China10.0Other Europe5.0
India10.0Middle East and North Africa5.0
Central America0.5Sub-Saharan Africa5.0
South America0.5Oceania5.0
East Asia5.0  
  1. These values are taken from California Air Resources Board [19]