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Table 1 Regional substitution elasticities among vegetable oils in GTAP-BIO model

From: US biofuel production and policy: implications for land use changes in Malaysia and Indonesia

RegionElasticity valuesRegionElasticity values
US0.5M&I10.0
EU5.0Rest of South East Asia5.0
Brazil0.5Rest of South Asia5.0
Canada5.0Russia5.0
Japan5.0Central and Eastern Europe5.0
China10.0Other Europe5.0
India10.0Middle East and North Africa5.0
Central America0.5Sub-Saharan Africa5.0
South America0.5Oceania5.0
East Asia5.0  
  1. These values are taken from California Air Resources Board [19]