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Table 3 Land use changes and their corresponding emissions for corn ethanol and biodiesel produced in US

From: US biofuel production and policy: implications for land use changes in Malaysia and Indonesia

BiofuelLand typeUSEU27BrazilM&IOtherTotal
Corn ethanolForest area (ha)1808− 1232− 4192− 2312− 19,366− 25,294
Pasture area (ha)− 6048− 1768− 7504− 62− 27,774− 43,156
Cropland area in (ha)4240292811,712239247,06568,337
Share in cropland (%)6.24.317.13.568.9100.0
Land use emissions12.3 g CO2e MJ−1 or 1001 g CO2e EGe−1
Share in emissions (%)11.12.821.710.953.5100.0
Soy biodieselForest area (ha)512− 176− 432− 58926161173
Pasture area (ha)− 2688− 1032− 5296− 596− 27,886− 37,498
Cropland area (ha)217611925724650421,73237,328
Share in cropland (%)5.83.215.317.458.2100.0
Land use emissions17.5 g CO2e MJ−1 or 1424 g CO2e EGe−1
Share in emissions (%)8.51.06.678.05.9100.0
  1. The AEZ-EF model developed by Plevin et al. [20] is used to calculate emissions