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Table 1 Key features of reported simulation studies in biodiesel production

From: An overview to process design, simulation and sustainability evaluation of biodiesel production

Feed definition (model compound) Production process Thermo-physical properties estimation and thermodynamic model Reactor module Plant capacity (tons/year) Operation mode Simulation tool Refs.
Triolein Homogenous and heterogeneous alkali-catalysed Batch 7260 Batch SuperPro Designer [29]
Pure triolien + oleic acid Alkali and acid-catalysed processes NRTL and UNIQUAC-LLE Yield 8000 Continuous Aspen HYSYS [31]
Pure triolien + oleic acid Alkali, acid, heterogeneous acid-catalysed and supercritical processes NRTL, UNIFAC-LLE and UNIFAC-VLE Yield 8000 Continuous Aspen HYSYS [22]
Triolein and trilinolein Supercritical process NRTL and UNIFAC with Redlich–Kwong equation of state Yield 8000 Continuous Aspen PLUS [43]
Triolein, tripalmitin and trilinolein Supercritical with power cogeneration process UNIFAC and Soave–Redlich–Kwong equations of state 2780 and 16,550 Continuous CHEMCAD [44]
Triolein Enzyme-catalyed process NRTL and UNIFAC-DMD Stoichiometric 8000 and 200,000 Continuous Aspen PLUS [23]
Triolein, monoolein, stearic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid Enzyme-catalysed process NRTL and UNIFAC Stoichiometric 6482 Continuous Aspen PLUS [19]
Tripalmitin, tristearin, triolein, trilinolein and trilinolenin; palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acid Alkali-catalysed process NRTL Conversion 64,000 Continuous Aspen HYSYS [20]
Triolein, diolein, monoolein Enzymatic process NRTL and UNIFAC-DMD Kinetic (CSTR) 11,200 Continues Aspen HYSYS [45]