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Table 4 Multi-objective optimization in biodiesel production

From: An overview to process design, simulation and sustainability evaluation of biodiesel production

Feedstock

Catalyst

Objectives

Optimization method

Simulation tool

Optimization tool

Refs.

Sunflower oil

Alkali

Product purity and energy consumption

MOGA

Aspen PLUS

modeFRONTIER

[83]

Waste canola oil

Acid

Profit and waste

Multi-objective Simulated

Annealing Algorithm (MOSA)

Apen HYSYS and SustainPro

ENVOPExpert

[84]

Vegetable oil

Alkali

Profit, product purity, yield and energy consumption

NSGA

Matlab

[85]

Waste cooking oil

Alkali, acid

Profit, energy consumption and organic wastes

NSGA

Aspen PLUS

Excel worksheet with Visual Basic Application (VBA)

[79]

Soybean oil

Alkali

Economic, environmental, social

MOGA

SuperPro Designer

Matlab

[80]

Waste cooking oil

Alkali

Profit, fixed capital investment and organic wastes

MODE-TL

Aspen HYSYS

Excel worksheet with Visual Basic Application (VBA)

[82]