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Table 2 Hydrolysis yields and glucose isomerization to fructose for different pretreated biomass samples

From: Conversion of organosolv pretreated hardwood biomass into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) by combining enzymatic hydrolysis and isomerization with homogeneous catalysis

Biomass No Glucose (g/L) Cellulose to glucose conversion (%) Glucose to fructose conversion (%) g fructose/g cellulose g fructose/100 g pretreated biomass
ACΟ/H2O
 1 59.91 (0.49) 77.98 (0.64) 78.80 (0.14) 0.61 (0.10) 38.00 (1.66)
 2 87.78 (2.22) 92.79 (2.34) 79.87 (0.13) 0.74 (0.10) 56.79 (1.34)
 3 68.17 (2.15) 82.71 (2.61) 76.34 (0.16) 0.63 (0.16 42.16 (2.36)
 4 80.16 (0.22) 81.44 (0.22) 77.23 (0.15) 0.63 (0.13) 50.15 (1.60)
 5 71.97 (0.99) 69.99 (0.97) 75.00 (0.17) 0.51 (0.13) 42.38 (1.54)
 6 71.58 (0.22) 67.34 (0.21) 73.68 (0.18) 0.50 (0.12) 42.72 (1.42)
 7 78.06 (0.99) 76.83 (0.98) 78.58 (0.14) 0.60 (0.10) 49.68 (1.23)
 8 42.78 (0.37) 56.25 (0.48) 68.12 (0.21) 0.38 (0.12) 23.61 (1.88)
EtOH/H2O
  33.73 (0.00) 50.39 (0.00) 71.53 (0.00) 0.36 (0.00) 19.55 (0.00)
 9 55.38 (0.25) 79.06 (0.35) 74.38 (0.17) 0.59 (0.14) 33.37 (2.45)
 10 80.26 (1.18) 89.11 (1.31) 76.30 (0.16) 0.68 (0.13) 49.61 (1.78)
 11 48.37 (1.63) 59.02 (1.32) 72.37 (0.68) 0.43 (0.01) 28.36 (1.84)
 12 84.59 (1.06) 88.88 (1.11) 75.94 (0.17) 0.64 (0.16) 49.36 (2.03)
 13 82.23 (2.65) 80.67 (2.15) 73.13 (0.44) 0.59 (0.02) 48.70 (2.41)
 14 86.08 (0.56) 92.21 (0.45) 79.05 (0.09) 0.73 (0.00) 55.15 (0.55)
THF/H2O
 15 79.51 (0.12) 93.36 (0.14) 80.11 (0.13) 0.75 (0.13) 51.60 (1.83)
 16 78.70 (1.81) 80.57 (1.85) 78.19 (0.14) 0.63 (0.10) 49.85 (1.27)
 17 57.60 (0.32) 71.49 (0.40) 74.14 (0.17) 0.53 (0.12) 34.59 (1.84)
 18 83.27 (2.58) 79.10 (2.45) 79.12 (0.14) 0.63 (0.09) 53.37 (1.02)
 19 78.98 (0.84) 75.09 (0.68) 70.80 (0.23) 0.53 (0.01) 45.28 (0.74)
 20 79.47 (1.54) 84.31 (1.24) 78.97 (0.26) 0.67 (0.01) 50.81 (1.51)
 Untreated 12.86 (0.19) 25.97 (0.15) 70.89 (0.31) 0.18 (0.00) 7.38 (0.35)
 Avicel® 76.05 (0.26) 64.51 (0.21) 80.40 (0.11) 0.50 (0.08) 48.21 (0.81)
  1. Numbers in parenthesis represent the standard error values
  2. All experiments were run in duplicates and numbers represent the mean values