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  1. Throughout immeasurable time, microorganisms evolved and accumulated remarkable physiological and functional heterogeneity, and now constitute the major reserve for genetic diversity on earth. Using metagenomi...

    Authors: Luen-Luen Li, Sean R McCorkle, Sebastien Monchy, Safiyh Taghavi and Daniel van der Lelie

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:10

    Content type: Review

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  2. Xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) from Pichia stipitis are the two enzymes most commonly used in recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains engineered for xylose utilization. The availabilit...

    Authors: Oskar Bengtsson, Bärbel Hahn-Hägerdal and Marie F Gorwa-Grauslund

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:9

    Content type: Research

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  3. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) is a promising process option for ethanol production from lignocellulosic materials. However, both the overall ethanol yield and the final ethanol concentra...

    Authors: Magnus Bertilsson, Kim Olofsson and Gunnar Lidén

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:8

    Content type: Research

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  4. Microbial fuel cells (MFC) and microbial electrolysis cells are electrical devices that treat water using microorganisms and convert soluble organic matter into electricity and hydrogen, respectively. Emerging...

    Authors: Abhijeet P Borole, Jonathan R Mielenz, Tatiana A Vishnivetskaya and Choo Y Hamilton

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:7

    Content type: Research

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  5. Two-step dilute acid hydrolysis of softwood, either as a stand-alone process or as pretreatment before enzymatic hydrolysis, is considered to result in higher sugar yields than one-step acid hydrolysis. Howeve...

    Authors: Sanam Monavari, Mats Galbe and Guido Zacchi

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:6

    Content type: Research

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  6. Improvement of biofeedstock quality for cellulosic ethanol production will be facilitated by inexpensive and rapid methods of evaluation, such as those already employed in the field of ruminant nutrition. Our ...

    Authors: Aaron J Lorenz, Rob P Anex, Asli Isci, James G Coors, Natalia de Leon and Paul J Weimer

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:5

    Content type: Research

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  7. Enzymatic corn wet milling (E-milling) is a process derived from conventional wet milling for the recovery and purification of starch and co-products using proteases to eliminate the need for sulfites and decr...

    Authors: Edna C Ramírez, David B Johnston, Andrew J McAloon and Vijay Singh

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:2

    Content type: Research

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  8. Transesterification of Jatropha oil was carried out in t-butanol solvent using immobilized lipase from Enterobacter aerogenes. The presence of t-butanol significantly reduced the negative effects caused by both m...

    Authors: Annapurna Kumari, Paramita Mahapatra, Vijay Kumar Garlapati and Rintu Banerjee

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:1

    Content type: Research

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  9. Due to its capacity to produce large amounts of cellulases, Trichoderma reesei is increasingly been researched in various fields of white biotechnology, especially in biofuel production from lignocellulosic bioma...

    Authors: Isabelle Herpoël-Gimbert, Antoine Margeot, Alain Dolla, Gwénaël Jan, Daniel Mollé, Sabrina Lignon, Hughes Mathis, Jean-Claude Sigoillot, Frédéric Monot and Marcel Asther

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:18

    Content type: Research

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  10. The availability and low cost of lignocellulosic biomass has caused tremendous interest in the bioconversion of this feedstock into liquid fuels. One measure of the economic viability of the bioconversion proc...

    Authors: Lisa J Haney, James G Coors, Aaron J Lorenz, DRaj Raman, Robert P Anex and MPaul Scott

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:17

    Content type: Research

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  11. Ethanolic fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass is a sustainable option for the production of bioethanol. This process would greatly benefit from recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains also able to fermen...

    Authors: Maurizio Bettiga, Bärbel Hahn-Hägerdal and Marie F Gorwa-Grauslund

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:16

    Content type: Research

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  12. Brachypodium distachyon constitutes an excellent model species for grasses. It is a small, easily propagated, temperate grass with a rapid life cycle and a small genome. It is a self-fertile plant that can be tra...

    Authors: Leonardo D Gomez, Jennifer K Bristow, Emily R Statham and Simon J McQueen-Mason

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:15

    Content type: Research

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  13. The limited availability of fossil fuel sources, worldwide rising energy demands and anticipated climate changes attributed to an increase of greenhouse gasses are important driving forces for finding alternat...

    Authors: Ronald HW Maas, Robert R Bakker, Arjen R Boersma, Iemke Bisschops, Jan R Pels, Ed de Jong, Ruud A Weusthuis and Hans Reith

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:14

    Content type: Research

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  14. Lignocellulosic bioethanol technologies exhibit significant capacity for performance improvement across the supply chain through the development of high-yielding energy crops, integrated pretreatment, hydrolys...

    Authors: Alex J Dunnett, Claire S Adjiman and Nilay Shah

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:13

    Content type: Methodology

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  15. Pichia stipitis xylose reductase (Ps-XR) has been used to design Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that are able to ferment xylose. One example is the industrial S. cerevisiae xylose-consuming strain TMB3400, whic...

    Authors: João RM Almeida, Tobias Modig, Anja Röder, Gunnar Lidén and Marie-F Gorwa-Grauslund

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:12

    Content type: Research

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  16. Engineering microorganisms to improve metabolite flux requires detailed knowledge of the concentrations and flux rates of metabolites and metabolic intermediates in vivo. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer se...

    Authors: Thijs Kaper, Ida Lager, Loren L Looger, Diane Chermak and Wolf B Frommer

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:11

    Content type: Methodology

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  17. The cellulase producing ascomycete, Trichoderma reesei (Hypocrea jecorina), is known to secrete a range of enzymes important for ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. It is also widely used for the com...

    Authors: Tina Jeoh, William Michener, Michael E Himmel, Stephen R Decker and William S Adney

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:10

    Content type: Research

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  18. A metabolic regulation study was performed, based upon measurements of enzymatic activities, fermentation performance, and RT-PCR analysis of pathways related to central carbon metabolism, in an ethanologenic Esc...

    Authors: Montserrat Orencio-Trejo, Noemí Flores, Adelfo Escalante, Georgina Hernández-Chávez, Francisco Bolívar, Guillermo Gosset and Alfredo Martinez

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:8

    Content type: Research

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  19. Ethanol is a biofuel that is used as a replacement for approximately 3% of the fossil-based gasoline consumed in the world today. Most of this biofuel is produced from sugarcane in Brazil and corn in the Unite...

    Authors: José Goldemberg

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:6

    Content type: Review

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  20. Pretreatment is an essential step in the enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass and subsequent production of bioethanol. Recent results indicate that only a mild pretreatment is necessary in an industrial, economical...

    Authors: Jan B Kristensen, Lisbeth G Thygesen, Claus Felby, Henning Jørgensen and Thomas Elder

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:5

    Content type: Research

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  21. Lignocellulosic materials are abundant and among the most important potential sources for bioethanol production. Although the pretreatment of lignocellulose is necessary for efficient saccharification and ferm...

    Authors: Ayako Endo, Toshihide Nakamura, Akira Ando, Ken Tokuyasu and Jun Shima

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:3

    Content type: Research

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  22. Lignocellulosic biomass such as wood is an attractive material for fuel ethanol production. Pretreatment technologies that increase the digestibility of cellulose and hemicellulose in the lignocellulosic bioma...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Inoue, Shinichi Yano, Takashi Endo, Tsuyoshi Sakaki and Shigeki Sawayama

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:2

    Content type: Research

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