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  1. Microbial lipid production by using lignocellulosic biomass as the feedstock holds a great promise for biodiesel production and biorefinery. This usually involves hydrolysis of biomass into sugar-rich hydrolys...

    Authors: Zhiwei Gong, Hongwei Shen, Qian Wang, Xiaobing Yang, Haibo Xie and Zongbao K Zhao

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:36

    Content type: Research

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  2. Currently, the most promising microorganism used for the bio-production of butyric acid is Clostridium tyrobutyricum ATCC 25755T; however, it is unable to use sucrose as a sole carbon source. Consequently, a newl...

    Authors: Mohammed Dwidar, Seil Kim, Byoung Seung Jeon, Youngsoon Um, Robert J Mitchell and Byoung-In Sang

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:35

    Content type: Research

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  3. The development of inhibitor-tolerant ethanologenic yeast is one of the most significant challenges facing bio-ethanol production. Adaptation of Pichia stipitis to inhibitors is one of the most efficient ways for...

    Authors: Xue-Cai Hao, Xiu-Shan Yang, Ping Wan and Shen Tian

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:34

    Content type: Research

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  4. The investigation of structural organisation in lignocellulose materials is important to understand changes in cellulase accessibility and reactivity resulting from hydrothermal deconstruction, to allow develo...

    Authors: Roger Ibbett, Sanyasi Gaddipati, Sandra Hill and Greg Tucker

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:33

    Content type: Research

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  5. Cellulose is highly recalcitrant and thus requires a specialized suite of enzymes to solubilize it into fermentable sugars. In C. thermocellum, these extracellular enzymes are present as a highly active multi-com...

    Authors: Devin H Currie, Christopher D Herring, Adam M Guss, Daniel G Olson, David A Hogsett and Lee R Lynd

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:32

    Content type: Research

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  6. Consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) of lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol using thermophilic bacteria provides a promising solution for efficient lignocellulose conversion without the need for additional cellulol...

    Authors: Vitali A Svetlitchnyi, Oliver Kensch, Doris A Falkenhan, Svenja G Korseska, Nadine Lippert, Melanie Prinz, Jamaleddine Sassi, Anke Schickor and Simon Curvers

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:31

    Content type: Research

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  7. A vast number of organisms are known to produce structurally diversified cellulases capable of degrading cellulose, the most abundant biopolymer on earth. The generally accepted paradigm is that the carbohydra...

    Authors: Anikó Várnai, Matti Siika-aho and Liisa Viikari

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:30

    Content type: Research

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  8. Production of biodiesel from non-edible oils is receiving increasing attention. Tung oil, called “China wood oil” is one kind of promising non-edible biodiesel oil in China. To our knowledge, tung oil has not ...

    Authors: Xiao-Wei Yu, Chong Sha, Yong-Liang Guo, Rong Xiao and Yan Xu

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:29

    Content type: Research

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  9. A substantial barrier to commercialization of lignocellulosic ethanol production is a lack of process specific sensors and associated control strategies that are essential for economic viability. Current senso...

    Authors: Shannon M Ewanick, Wesley J Thompson, Brian J Marquardt and Renata Bura

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:28

    Content type: Research

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  10. β-Xylosidase is an important constituent of the hemicellulase system and it plays an important role in hydrolyzing xylooligosaccharides to xylose. Xylose, a useful monose, has been utilized in a wide range of ...

    Authors: Hao Shi, Xun Li, Huaxiang Gu, Yu Zhang, Yingjuan Huang, Liangliang Wang and Fei Wang

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:27

    Content type: Research

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  11. Xylanase is an important component of hemicellulase enzyme system. Since it plays an important role in the hydrolysis of hemicellulose into xylooligosaccharides (XOs), high thermostable xylanase has been the f...

    Authors: Hao Shi, Yu Zhang, Xun Li, Yingjuan Huang, Liangliang Wang, Ye Wang, Huaihai Ding and Fei Wang

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:26

    Content type: Research

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  12. Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a highly crystalline and mechanically stable nanopolymer, which has excellent potential as a material in many novel applications, especially if it can be produced in large amounts f...

    Authors: Adnan Cavka, Xiang Guo, Shui-Jia Tang, Sandra Winestrand, Leif J Jönsson and Feng Hong

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:25

    Content type: Research

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  13. Understanding the biological mechanisms used by microorganisms for plant biomass degradation is of considerable biotechnological interest. Despite of the growing number of sequenced (meta)genomes of plant biom...

    Authors: Aaron Weimann, Yulia Trukhina, Phillip B Pope, Sebastian GA Konietzny and Alice C McHardy

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:24

    Content type: Research

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  14. The use of lignocellulosic constituents in biotechnological processes requires a selective separation of the main fractions (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin). During diluted acid hydrolysis for hemicellulo...

    Authors: João Paulo Alves Silva, Livia Melo Carneiro and Inês Conceição Roberto

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:23

    Content type: Research

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  15. Pretreatment of biomass for lignocellulosic ethanol production generates compounds that can inhibit microbial metabolism. The furan aldehydes hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfural have received increasing a...

    Authors: Magnus Ask, Maurizio Bettiga, Valeria Mapelli and Lisbeth Olsson

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:22

    Content type: Research

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  16. Reduced yields of ethanol due to bacterial contamination in fermentation cultures weaken the economics of biofuel production. Lactic acid bacteria are considered the most problematic, and surveys of commercial...

    Authors: Dwayne R Roach, Piyum A Khatibi, Kenneth M Bischoff, Stephen R Hughes and David M Donovan

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:20

    Content type: Research

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  17. Many microorganisms possess enzymes that can efficiently degrade lignocellulosic materials, but do not have the capability to produce a large amount of ethanol. Thus, attempts have been made to transform such ...

    Authors: Jui-Jen Chang, Feng-Ju Ho, Cheng-Yu Ho, Yueh-Chin Wu, Yu-Han Hou, Chieh-Chen Huang, Ming-Che Shih and Wen-Hsiung Li

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:19

    Content type: Research

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  18. The enzymatic hydrolysis step converting lignocellulosic materials into fermentable sugars is recognized as one of the major limiting steps in biomass-to-ethanol process due to the low efficiency of enzymes an...

    Authors: Junhua Zhang, Ulla Moilanen, Ming Tang and Liisa Viikari

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:18

    Content type: Research

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  19. Bioconversion of lignocellulose by microbial fermentation is typically preceded by an acidic thermochemical pretreatment step designed to facilitate enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. Substances formed during ...

    Authors: Leif J Jönsson, Björn Alriksson and Nils-Olof Nilvebrant

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:16

    Content type: Review

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  20. The production of cellulosic ethanol from biomass is considered a promising alternative to reliance on diminishing supplies of fossil fuels, providing a sustainable option for fuels production in an environmen...

    Authors: Yunqiao Pu, Fan Hu, Fang Huang, Brian H Davison and Arthur J Ragauskas

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:15

    Content type: Review

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  21. Lignin is often overlooked in the valorization of lignocellulosic biomass, but lignin-based materials and chemicals represent potential value-added products for biorefineries that could significantly improve t...

    Authors: Patanjali Varanasi, Priyanka Singh, Manfred Auer, Paul D Adams, Blake A Simmons and Seema Singh

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:14

    Content type: Research

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  22. Despite decades of work and billions of dollars of investments in laboratory and pilot plant projects, commercial production of cellulosic ethanol is only now beginning to emerge. Because of: (1)high technical...

    Authors: Richard B Phillips, Hasan Jameel and Hou Min Chang

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:13

    Content type: Research

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  23. Lignocellulosic biomass, such as corn stover, is a potential raw material for ethanol production. One step in the process of producing ethanol from lignocellulose is enzymatic hydrolysis, which produces fermen...

    Authors: Pia-Maria Bondesson, Mats Galbe and Guido Zacchi

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:11

    Content type: Research

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  24. Woody biomass is one of the most abundant biomass feedstocks, besides agriculture residuals in the United States. The sustainable harvest residuals and thinnings alone are estimated at about 75 million tons/ye...

    Authors: Johnway Gao, Dwight Anderson and Benjamin Levie

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:10

    Content type: Research

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  25. Previous research on alkaline pretreatment has mainly focused on optimization of the process parameters to improve substrate digestibility. To achieve satisfactory sugar yield, extremely high chemical loading ...

    Authors: Ye Chen, Mark A Stevens, Yongming Zhu, Jason Holmes and Hui Xu

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:8

    Content type: Research

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  26. Acetoin is an important bio-based platform chemical. However, it is usually existed as a minor byproduct of 2,3-butanediol fermentation in bacteria.

    Authors: Xiao-Jun Ji, Zhi-Fang Xia, Ning-Hua Fu, Zhi-Kui Nie, Meng-Qiu Shen, Qian-Qian Tian and He Huang

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:7

    Content type: Research

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  27. It is necessary to develop efficient methods to produce renewable fuels from lignocellulosic biomass. One of the main challenges to the industrialization of lignocellulose conversion processes is the large amo...

    Authors: Noah Weiss, Johan Börjesson, Lars Saaby Pedersen and Anne S Meyer

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:5

    Content type: Research

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  28. Diminishing supplies of fossil fuels and oil spills are rousing to explore the alternative sources of energy that can be produced from non-food/feed-based substrates. Due to its abundance, sugarcane bagasse (S...

    Authors: Anuj K Chandel, Felipe F A Antunes, Virgilio Anjos, Maria J V Bell, Leonarde N Rodrigues, Om V Singh, Carlos A Rosa, Fernando C Pagnocca and Silvio S da Silva

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:4

    Content type: Research

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  29. A solid-state anaerobic digestion method is used to produce biogas from various solid wastes in China but the efficiency of methane production requires constant improvement. The diversity and abundance of rele...

    Authors: An Li, Ya’nan Chu, Xumin Wang, Lufeng Ren, Jun Yu, Xiaoling Liu, Jianbin Yan, Lei Zhang, Shuangxiu Wu and Shizhong Li

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:3

    Content type: Research

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  30. While simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF) is considered to be a promising process for bioconversion of lignocellulosic materials to ethanol, there are still relatively little demo-plant da...

    Authors: Rakesh Koppram, Fredrik Nielsen, Eva Albers, Annika Lambert, Sune Wännström, Lars Welin, Guido Zacchi and Lisbeth Olsson

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:2

    Content type: Research

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  31. Lignin materials are abundant and among the most important potential sources for biofuel production. Development of an efficient lignin degradation process has considerable potential for the production of a va...

    Authors: Yan Shi, Liyuan Chai, Chongjian Tang, Zhihui Yang, Huan Zhang, Runhua Chen, Yuehui Chen and Yu Zheng

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2013 6:1

    Content type: Research

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  32. Fermentation production of biofuel ethanol consumes agricultural crops, which will compete directly with the food supply. As an alternative, photosynthetic cyanobacteria have been proposed as microbial factori...

    Authors: Jiangxin Wang, Lei Chen, Siqiang Huang, Jie Liu, Xiaoyue Ren, Xiaoxu Tian, Jianjun Qiao and Weiwen Zhang

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:89

    Content type: Research

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  33. Acetoin and 2,3-butanediol are two important biorefinery platform chemicals. They are currently fermented below 40°C using mesophilic strains, but the processes often suffer from bacterial contamination.

    Authors: Zijun Xiao, Xiangming Wang, Yunling Huang, Fangfang Huo, Xiankun Zhu, Lijun Xi and Jian R Lu

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:88

    Content type: Research

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  34. Corn cob residue (CCR) is a kind of waste lignocellulosic material with enormous potential for bioethanol production. The moderated sulphite processes were used to enhance the hydrophily of the material by sul...

    Authors: Lingxi Bu, Yang Xing, Hailong Yu, Yuxia Gao and Jianxin Jiang

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:87

    Content type: Research

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  35. The economic and environmental viability of dedicated terrestrial energy crops is in doubt. The production of large scale biomass (macroalgae) for biofuels in the marine environment was first tested in the lat...

    Authors: Adam D Hughes, Maeve S Kelly, Kenneth D Black and Michele S Stanley

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:86

    Content type: Review

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  36. The thermophilic anaerobe Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum is capable of directly fermenting xylan and the biomass-derived sugars glucose, cellobiose, xylose, mannose, galactose and arabinose. It has been me...

    Authors: Vasiliki Tsakraklides, A Joe Shaw, Bethany B Miller, David A Hogsett and Christopher D Herring

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:85

    Content type: Research

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  37. Cost-efficient generation of second-generation biofuels requires plant biomass that can easily be degraded into sugars and further fermented into fuels. However, lignocellulosic biomass is inherently recalcitr...

    Authors: Pia Damm Petersen, Jane Lau, Berit Ebert, Fan Yang, Yves Verhertbruggen, Jin Sun Kim, Patanjali Varanasi, Anongpat Suttangkakul, Manfred Auer, Dominique Loqué and Henrik Vibe Scheller

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:84

    Content type: Research

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  38. The recalcitrance of lignocellulosic cell wall biomass to deconstruction varies greatly in angiosperms, yet the source of this variation remains unclear. Here, in eight genotypes of short rotation coppice will...

    Authors: Nicholas JB Brereton, Michael J Ray, Ian Shield, Peter Martin, Angela Karp and Richard J Murphy

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:83

    Content type: Research

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  39. A modified laboratory-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor was used to obtain methane by treating hydrous ethanol vinasse. Vinasses or stillage are waste materials with high organic loads, and ...

    Authors: Elda I España-Gamboa, Javier O Mijangos-Cortés, Galdy Hernández-Zárate, Jorge A Domínguez Maldonado and Liliana M Alzate-Gaviria

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:82

    Content type: Research

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  40. The inherent recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass is one of the major economic hurdles for the production of fuels and chemicals from biomass. Additionally, lignin is recognized as having a negative impact...

    Authors: Kelsey L Yee, Miguel Rodriguez Jr, Timothy J Tschaplinski, Nancy L Engle, Madhavi Z Martin, Chunxiang Fu, Zeng-Yu Wang, Scott D Hamilton-Brehm and Jonathan R Mielenz

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:81

    Content type: Research

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  41. For lignocellulosic bioenergy to become a viable alternative to traditional energy production methods, rapid increases in conversion efficiency and biomass yield must be achieved. Increased productivity in bio...

    Authors: Frank Alex Feltus and Joshua P Vandenbrink

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:80

    Content type: Review

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  42. Recent studies demonstrate that enzymes from the glycosyl hydrolase family 61 (GH61) show lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (PMO) activity. Together with cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) an enzymatic system cap...

    Authors: Roman Kittl, Daniel Kracher, Daniel Burgstaller, Dietmar Haltrich and Roland Ludwig

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:79

    Content type: Research

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  43. Microorganisms employ a multiplicity of enzymes to efficiently degrade the composite structure of plant cell wall cellulosic polysaccharides. These remarkable enzyme systems include glycoside hydrolases (cellu...

    Authors: Sarah Moraïs, Yoav Barak, Raphael Lamed, David B Wilson, Qi Xu, Michael E Himmel and Edward A Bayer

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:78

    Content type: Research

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  44. Thioesterases remove the fatty acyl moiety from the fatty acyl-acyl carrier proteins (ACPs), releasing them as free fatty acids (FFAs), which can be further used to produce a variety of fatty acid-based biofue...

    Authors: Yanning Zheng, Lingling Li, Qiang Liu, Wen Qin, Jianming Yang, Yujin Cao, Xinglin Jiang, Guang Zhao and Mo Xian

    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2012 5:76

    Content type: Research

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