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Table 3 LC-Core and ATD Bioenergy data for UK-MARKAL.

From: How can accelerated development of bioenergy contribute to the future UK energy mix? Insights from a MARKAL modelling exercise

Technology Year Capital cost
(GBP.GJ-1)
Annual availability (%) Efficiency (%) O&M cost (GBP.GJ-1)
   Core ATD Core ATD Core ATD Core ATD
Lignocellulosic ethanol 2010 23 23 100 90 100 90 2 1
  2050 23 14 100 90 100 90 2 0.5
Technology Year Capital cost
(GBP.kW e -1 )
Annual availability (%) Efficiency (%) Fixed O&M costs (GBP.(kW.yr) -1 )
   Core ATD Core ATD Core ATD Core ATD
Gasification 2000 2,200 2,200 83 85 32 32 66 66
  2050 1,673 700 83 89 44 50 66 30
Technology Year Capital cost
(GBP.GJ -1 )
Efficiency (%) Variable O&M costs
(GBP.GJ -1 )
    Core ATD Core ATD Core ATD
Fast pyrolysis 2000 32.4 32.4 90 90 3 3
   2050 32.4 25.6 90 90 3 1
Chain/technology Year Capital cost
(GBP.GJ -1 )
Energy content (GJ.t -1 ) Yield (ha.yr -1 )
     Core ATD Core ATD Core ATD
Bioengineering of energy crops (including agro-machinery) 2000 3.61 3.61 - 15 - 12
    2050 3.61 1.45 - 15 - 24
  1. All cost data are expressed in GBP on a year 2000 basis. Agro-machinery costs are assumed to be embedded in energy crop costs (resources module).