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Figure 1 | Biotechnology for Biofuels

Figure 1

From: Metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli for high-specificity production of isoprenol and prenol as next generation of biofuels

Figure 1

Isoprenol and prenol biosynthesis pathway. The heterogenous pathway that was introduced into E. coli is indicated by the red line. The black arrow represents the MVA upper pathway, the blue arrow represents the MVA lower pathway, and the purple arrow represents the isopentenol forming pathway. HMG-CoA, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A; HMGS, HMG-CoA synthase; HMGR, HMG-CoA reductase; MK, mevalonate kinase; MKK, phosphomevalonate kinase; MVD, mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase; IDI, isopentenyl pyrophosphate:dimethylallyl pyrophosphate isomerase.

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