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Table 3 Summary of activities associated with CAZy enzyme families described in this study

From: Mining for hemicellulases in the fungus-growing termite Pseudacanthotermes militaris using functional metagenomics

CAZY family Known activitiesa,b
GH1 β- d -glucosidase; β-d-galactosidase; β-d-mannosidase; cellobiase; 6-phospho-d-glucosidase; 6-phospho-d-galactosidase
GH3 β- d -glucosidase; β-d-xylosidase; α-l-arabinofuranosidase, chitosanase
GH5 Endo-β-d-glucanase; endo-β-d-mannanase; Endo-β-d-xylanase
GH8 Chitosanase; endo-β- d -glucanase; exo-β-d-xylanase; endo-β-d-xylanase;
GH10 Endo-β- d -xylanase
GH11 Endo-β- d -xylanase
GH13 α-D-glucan-modifying activities (e.g. α-amylases)
GH36 α- d -galactosidase; α-N-galactosaminidase; raffinose synthase; stachyose synthase
GH43 Endo-β-d-xylanase, β-d-xylosidase, α-l-arabinofuranosidase, α-l-arabinanase
GH51 α- l -arabinofuranosidase; endo-β-d-glucanase
GH78 α- l -rhamnosidase
GH88 d-4,5-unsaturated-β-glucuronyl hydrolase
GH94 Cellobiose phosphorylase; Cellodextrin phosphorylase; chitobiose phosphorylase; laminaribiose phosphorylase; cyclic β-1,2-glucan synthase;
GH97 α-glucosidase; α-galactosidase
GH99 Glycoprotein α-1,2-mannosidase
GH109 α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase
GH115 Xylan α-1,2- glucuronidase; α-(4-O-methyl) - glucuronidase
GH116 β-d-glucosidase; β-d-xylosidase
CE1 Acetyl xylan esterase; feruloyl esterase; cinnamoyl esterase ; carboxyl esterase, S-formylglutathione hydrolase
CE4 Chitin deacetylase; chitooligosaccharide deacetylase; Acetyl xylan esterase; cpeptidoglycan GlcNac deacetylase; peptidoglycan N-acetylmuramic deacetylase
GT2 A variety of transferases, including glucosyl, galactosyl, N-acetylglucosamine, and acetylgalactosamine transferases
GT4 A variety of transferases, including glucosyl, galactosyl, mannosyl, N-acetylglucosamine, and acetylgalactosamine transferases
GT84 Cyclic β-1,2-glucan synthase
  1. a. Characterized enzymes listed in the CAZy database (; b. bold lettering indicates a dominant activity.