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Table 1 Composition of plant materials

From: Factors contributing to the recalcitrance of herbaceous dicotyledons (forbs) to enzymatic deconstruction

  Protein Glc Xyl Gal Ara + Manb Sucrose Starch Free Glc Total neutral sugars
Goldenrod (GR) 10.3 ± 1.1 214.5 ± 2.7 47.4 ± 0.7 11.7 ± 2.2 18.3 ± 0.3 38.3 ± 2.5 6.0 ± 1.0 13.8 ± 1.7 350
Lamb’s quarters (LQ) 18.7 ± 7.3 161.6 ± 1.7 22.3 ± 0.3 13.7 ± 1.1 23.4 ± 0.6 46.0 ± 3.6 25.6 ± 1.1 33.4 ± 3.5 356
Milkweed (MW) 12.6 ± 7.9 201.8 ± 7.6 26.8 ± 1.2 21.2 ± 1.2 14.9 ± 0.5 67.8 ± 3.4 10.9 ± 1.2 24.6 ± 1.3 368
Queen Anne’s lace (QA) 12.7 ± 1.2 230.0 ± 18.6 48.7 ± 2.0 13.2 ± 2.0 18.7 ± 0.5 31.2 ± 4.0 4.5 ± 1.3 17.6 ± 1.5 364
Corn stovera (CS) 4.0 ± 0.7 391.5 ± 0.4 194.7 ± 10.9 9.4 ± 2.3 33.3 ± 5.3 11.5 ± 0.4 11.8 ± 0.8 16.0 ± 1.8 668
  1. aCS data are from [19, 23].
  2. bThe HPLC method did not resolve Ara and Man.
  3. Materials were dried but unwashed before analysis, and therefore the values include contributions from non-cell wall components such as starch, glycosides, sucrose, and free Glc. All values are mg/g dry weight ± 1 SD (n = 3).
  4. Ara, arabinose; Gal, galactose; Glc, glucose; Man, mannose; Xyl, xylose.