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Fig. 2 | Biotechnology for Biofuels

Fig. 2

From: Engineering acyl carrier protein to enhance production of shortened fatty acids

Fig. 2

Se-ACP Structural homology models with WT and mutant residues. a Homology model of Se-ACP bound to a C10 acyl chain is shown. Highlighted in blue (residue 49), green (residue 57) and red (residue 75) are small hydrophobic amino acids lining the WT ACP pocket, Leu, Ile, and Ile, respectively. Each residue was separately mutated to a bulkier hydrophobic amino acid: methionine, tyrosine or tryptophan in order to induce steric hindrance and favor shorter chain fatty acid synthesis. b For illustration, a homology model with all three residues of interest mutated to tryptophan shows how each side chain might be positioned when mutated separately. Trp75 (red) extends closest to the acyl chain terminus. c Looking up through the axis of the acyl chain from the bottom perspective of the ACP pocket, Trp75 (red) is more directly in line with the acyl chain, as compared to the other mutant residues. This substitution appears to introduce direct steric hindrance to the acyl chain, while Trp at position 49 or 57 does not

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