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Table 2 The effects of PDORs from different organisms by metal ions

From: Key enzymes catalyzing glycerol to 1,3-propanediol

Metal ions Strains Mark The data source
Ca2+ Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus buchneri Veiga-da-Cunha and Foster [53]
Fe2+ Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus buchneri, Citrobacter freundii Veiga-da-Cunha and Foster MA [53], Daniel et al. [55]
K+ Lactobacillus reuteri Highest levels of activity in the presence of 100 mM K+ Talarico et al. [133]
Li+ Clostridium butyricum Malaoui and Marczak [131]
Mg2+ Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus buchneri Veiga-da-Cunha and Foster [53]
Mn2+ Clostridium butyricum, Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus buchneri, Citrobacter freundii Veiga-da-Cunha and Foster [53], Daniel et al. [55], Malaoui and Marczak [131]
Na+ Clostridium butyricum Malaoui, Marczak [131]