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Table 2 Microorganisms that convert brown seaweed biomass to ethanol

From: Direct bioconversion of brown algae into ethanol by thermophilic bacterium Defluviitalea phaphyphila

Microorganism Characteristics Major sugars utilized Pretreatment References
D. phaphyphila Alg1 Thermophilic Nat Mannitol, alginate, laminarin Un-pretreatment This study
Zymobacter palmae Nat Mannitol, laminarin Thermal acid hydrolysis [8, 39]
Pichia angophorae Nat Monosaccharide Thermal acid hydrolysis [32]
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Nat Glucose Laminarinase [17]
Escherichia coli BAL1611 Eng Mannitol, alginate, glucose Un-pretreatment [23]
Escherichia coli KO11 Eng Glucose, mannitol Acid and hydrolytic enzymes [11]
Sphingomonas sp. A1 Eng Alginate N/A [6]
Saccharomyces cerevisiae BAL3215 Eng Mannitol, glucose, DEH N/A [20]
  1. Nat stands for natural strains, Eng stands for engineered strains, and N/A means not applicable