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Table 1 Induced land use changes for alternative biofuel pathways (thousand hectares)

From: The impact of considering land intensification and updated data on biofuels land use change and emissions estimates

Description USA EU Brazil Canada Sub-Saharan Africa Others World
Experiment 1 US corn ethanol
 Forest 3.0 −0.9 −3.8 −0.8 −8.8 −10.6 −22.0
 Pasture −7.3 −2.0 −8.1 −0.4 −22.3 −7.5 −47.5
 Cropland 4.3 3.0 11.8 1.2 31.0 18.0 69.4
 Harvested area 19.4 15.0 25.8 6.2 40.7 35.6 142.6
 Cropland pasture −74.8 0.0 −39.8 −14.1 0.0 0.0 −128.7
Experiment 2 US soybean biodiesel
 Forest −0.9 −0.4 −2.0 −0.4 3.6 −3.7 −3.8
 Pasture −1.2 −0.8 −3.4 0.0 −16.4 −10.6 −32.5
 Cropland 2.0 1.2 5.4 0.4 12.9 14.3 36.2
 Harvested area 9.5 5.8 11.7 2.2 16.6 19.1 64.9
 Cropland pasture −42.6 0.0 −18.1 −5.2 0.0 0.0 −66.0
Experiment 3 US miscanthus bio-gasoline
 Forest −41.0 −1.4 −5.7 −1.7 −13.7 −20.1 −83.7
 Pasture 39.3 −2.2 −8.3 0.2 −23.9 −0.9 4.2
 Cropland 1.8 3.7 13.9 1.5 37.6 21.0 79.7
 Harvested area 9.1 18.2 30.3 7.7 49.6 41.6 156.4
 Cropland pasture −1017.3 0.0 −45.6 −14.7 0.0 0.0 −1077.6