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Table 4 Comparisons of biomass and lipid productivity of different sizes in some microalgae outdoors (culture volume > 100 L)

From: Feasibility of biodiesel production and CO2 emission reduction by Monoraphidium dybowskii LB50 under semi-continuous culture with open raceway ponds in the desert area

Strains LC (%) VBP (mg L−1 day−1) ABP (g m−2 day−1) VLP (mg L−1 day−1) ALP (g m−2 day−1) CO2 fixation rate Bioreactor volume (L) Culture Location References
(mg L−1 day−1) (g m−2 day−1)
N. gaditana 18.6 590 15.4 110 2.9 1109a 28.9 TPs (340) Dilution rate Spain [14]
17.1 460 12.1 78.7 2.1 864.8a 22.8   Nutrient   
Nannochloropsis sp. 43 256   110   481.3a   GWP (590) Nitrogen Italy [41]
Chlorella sp. 34.8 238   83   447a   BPs (120) Batch Australia [11]
T. suecica 32 51.5   14.8   97a    CO2   [28]
S. obliquus 13.4 135 11.3 19 1.6 253.8a 21.3 HTP (500) Semi-continuous UK [42]
Nannochloropsis sp. 28 16.75   4.69   31.50a   RCS (8000) Flue gas Shandong, China [43]
C. sp. FC2 IITG 35.12 44.00 9.70 10.70 3.80 82.70a 18.20 OPs (300, 1.4 m2) CO2 India [15]
S. rubescens 13.8   4   0.6   7.6 RCS (9000) Normal USA [44]
N. salina 16.33 204.2 24.5 33.3 4 383.9a 46.1 RCS (300) CO2 Israel [45]
N. salina 34.7 160   55.5   300.8a   AGSp (174,000) Normol USA [46]
B. braunii TN101   169 33.8   8.2-13.0 317.7a 63.5 RCS (5000, 25 m2) Semi-continuous Malaysia [10]
B. braunii 24 100   24c   188a   RCS (80) Batch India [47]
Graesiella sp. 31.8 43.5 8.7 14.5 2.9 81.8a 16.4 RCS (40,000, 200 m2) Batch (CO2) Yunnan, China [5]
N. gaditana 25.6 190 10.3–22.4 30.4 2.6–5.7 357.2a 19.4 RCS (792, 7.2 m2) Continuous Spain [48]
S. acutus LB0414 21.5 42.9 3.5 9.2 0.8 80.7a 6.6 RCS (2278, 10 m2) Batch USA [49]
Tetraselmis sp. 34.9 243 48.6 85 17 456.8a 31.9 RCS (200, 1 m2) Batch Australia [50]
S. obliquus CNW-N (summer)   205.1   83.9d   358.8b   Tubular (60) Batch Taiwan, China [51]
S. obliquus CNW-N (winter)   119.2   47.3d   208.7b   Tubular (60) Batch Taiwan, China  
M. dybowskii Y2 29.9 89.5 17.9 26.7 5.3 148.1b 29.6 RCS (40,000, 200 m2) Semi-continuous Inner Mongolia, China [13]
M. dybowskii LB50 38.6 81.4 21.7 32.5 8.6 153.1b 40.8 Plastic bag (140 L) NaCl-induced Beijing, China [16]
30.34 50.1 10 15.2 3 89.9b 18.0 RCS Batch Inner Mongolia, China This study
30 90.6 18.1 27.2 5.4 162.5b 32.5 RCS Semi-continuous  
  1. TPs tubular photobioreactors, GWP green wall panel, BPs bag photobioreactors, HTP horizontal tubular photobioreactor, TLP thin-layer photobioreactor, RCS raceway cultivation system, AGSp algae growth system photobioreactor, OPs open ponds
  2. aCalculated from the following equation: CO2 fixation rate = biomass productivity (mg L−1 day−1) × 1.88
  3. bCalculated from the following equation: CO2 fixation rate = biomass productivity (mg L−1 day−1) × C (%) × 44/12
  4. cFor hydrocarbon
  5. dFor carbohydrate