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Table 2 Comparative evaluations of different industrial wastewaters for the lipid production by oleaginous yeasts

From: Simultaneous lipid production for biodiesel feedstock and decontamination of sago processing wastewater using Candida tropicalis ASY2

Wastewater type Oleaginous yeast Biomass yield (g L-1), lipid yield
(g L-1), lipid content (%)
Lipid productivity (g L−1 day−1), incubation period (days) Nutrient removal efficiency References
Monosodium glutamate wastewater Rhodotorula glutinis 2.44, 0.2, 9.04 0.04, 5 85.51% COD [28]
Monosodium glutamate wastewater + 15 g L−1 glucose Rhodotorula glutinis 25, 5, 20 1.67, 3 45% COD [22]
Fishmeal wastewater Lipomyces starkeyi HL 5.34, 1.11, 20.80 0.185, 6 81.5% COD [26]
Fishmeal wastewater + 20 g L−1 glucose Lipomyces starkeyi HL 17.6, 2.7, 15.3 0.45, 6 43.4% COD
Palm oil mill effluent R. glutinis TISTR 5159 4.15, 0.87, 20.97 0.29, 3 40.50% COD [23]
Palm oil mill effluent (two fold diluted) Yarrow lipolytica 2.78, 1.69, 61 0.56, 3 + 3 (two phase) [29]
Wastewater after butanol fermentation Trichosporon dermatis 7.4, 0.99, 13.5 0.2, 5 68% COD [30]
Pulp and paper industry effluent + 70 g L−1glucose R. kratochvilovae HIMPA1 13.87, 8.56, 61.71 1.43, 6 77.36% BOD [31]
Cattle livestock wastewater Candida pseudolambica 2.19, 0.77, 35.3 [27]
  Issatchenkia occidentalis 6.54, 1.89, 28.9
Sago processing wastewater (SWW) Candida tropicalis ASY2 2.49, 1.21, 48.59 0.24, 5 83.52% COD; 92.11% BOD; 78.94% cyanide degradation This study