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Fig. 6 | Biotechnology for Biofuels

Fig. 6

From: Production routes to bio-acetic acid: life cycle assessment

Fig. 6

a Acetic acid (AA) extracted and distilled using ethyl acetate (EA). Both lignin scenarios are represented in the system boundaries figure. Black dashed line boxes indicate lignin scenario dependent operations. Lignin can either be burned onsite in the boiler to help produce heat/steam/electricity or sold to a coal power plant and co-fired with coal to produce electricity. If lignin is burned onsite, steam is run through a turbine to produce electricity. If lignin is exported to a coal power plant, no onsite electricity is made and electricity must be purchased from the grid for biorefinery operations. Green boxes highlight product made/energy produced. b Acetic acid (AA) extracted and distilled using an alamine and diisobutyl ketone solvent (ADX). Both lignin scenarios are represented in the system boundaries figure. Black dashed line boxes indicate lignin scenario-dependent operations. Lignin can either be burned onsite in the boiler to help produce heat/steam/electricity or sold to a coal power plant and co-fired with coal to produce electricity. If lignin is burned onsite, steam is run through a turbine to produce electricity. If lignin is exported to a coal power plant, no onsite electricity is made and electricity must be purchased from the grid for biorefinery operations. Green boxes highlight product made/energy produced

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