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Table 1 Summary of selected biotransformation of amino acids into chemicals

From: Biorefining of protein waste for production of sustainable fuels and chemicals

Amino acid Product Enzymatic reaction Enzyme
Arginine Ornithine Arginase
Aspartic acid β-Alanine Aspartate α-decarboxylase
Glutamic acid α-Ketoglutaric acid Glutamate deaminase
Glutamic acid N-Methyl- and N-vinyl-pyrrolidone Glutamate decarboxylase and NADH oxidase
Lysine 5-Aminovaleric acid Lysine oxidase
5-Diaminopentane Lysine decarboxylase
Phenylalanine Cinnamic acid Phenylalanine ammonia lyase
Alcohol and alanine Primary amines Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH-hT), ω-transaminase (ωTA) and l-alanine dehydrogenase (AlaDH)
l-Amino acids Enantio-compounds l-Amino acid oxidases (l-AAD), isocaproate reductase (Hic) and formate dehydrogenase (FDH)