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  1. Brachypodium distachyon constitutes an excellent model species for grasses. It is a small, easily propagated, temperate grass with a rapid life cycle and a small genome. It is a self-fertile plant that can be tra...

    Authors: Leonardo D Gomez, Jennifer K Bristow, Emily R Statham and Simon J McQueen-Mason
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:15
  2. The limited availability of fossil fuel sources, worldwide rising energy demands and anticipated climate changes attributed to an increase of greenhouse gasses are important driving forces for finding alternat...

    Authors: Ronald HW Maas, Robert R Bakker, Arjen R Boersma, Iemke Bisschops, Jan R Pels, Ed de Jong, Ruud A Weusthuis and Hans Reith
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:14
  3. Lignocellulosic bioethanol technologies exhibit significant capacity for performance improvement across the supply chain through the development of high-yielding energy crops, integrated pretreatment, hydrolys...

    Authors: Alex J Dunnett, Claire S Adjiman and Nilay Shah
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:13
  4. Pichia stipitis xylose reductase (Ps-XR) has been used to design Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that are able to ferment xylose. One example is the industrial S. cerevisiae xylose-consuming strain TMB3400, whic...

    Authors: João RM Almeida, Tobias Modig, Anja Röder, Gunnar Lidén and Marie-F Gorwa-Grauslund
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:12
  5. Engineering microorganisms to improve metabolite flux requires detailed knowledge of the concentrations and flux rates of metabolites and metabolic intermediates in vivo. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer se...

    Authors: Thijs Kaper, Ida Lager, Loren L Looger, Diane Chermak and Wolf B Frommer
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:11
  6. The cellulase producing ascomycete, Trichoderma reesei (Hypocrea jecorina), is known to secrete a range of enzymes important for ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. It is also widely used for the com...

    Authors: Tina Jeoh, William Michener, Michael E Himmel, Stephen R Decker and William S Adney
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:10
  7. A metabolic regulation study was performed, based upon measurements of enzymatic activities, fermentation performance, and RT-PCR analysis of pathways related to central carbon metabolism, in an ethanologenic Esc...

    Authors: Montserrat Orencio-Trejo, Noemí Flores, Adelfo Escalante, Georgina Hernández-Chávez, Francisco Bolívar, Guillermo Gosset and Alfredo Martinez
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:8
  8. Ethanol is a biofuel that is used as a replacement for approximately 3% of the fossil-based gasoline consumed in the world today. Most of this biofuel is produced from sugarcane in Brazil and corn in the Unite...

    Authors: José Goldemberg
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:6
  9. Pretreatment is an essential step in the enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass and subsequent production of bioethanol. Recent results indicate that only a mild pretreatment is necessary in an industrial, economical...

    Authors: Jan B Kristensen, Lisbeth G Thygesen, Claus Felby, Henning Jørgensen and Thomas Elder
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:5
  10. Lignocellulosic materials are abundant and among the most important potential sources for bioethanol production. Although the pretreatment of lignocellulose is necessary for efficient saccharification and ferm...

    Authors: Ayako Endo, Toshihide Nakamura, Akira Ando, Ken Tokuyasu and Jun Shima
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:3
  11. Lignocellulosic biomass such as wood is an attractive material for fuel ethanol production. Pretreatment technologies that increase the digestibility of cellulose and hemicellulose in the lignocellulosic bioma...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Inoue, Shinichi Yano, Takashi Endo, Tsuyoshi Sakaki and Shigeki Sawayama
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:2