Carvalho AKF, Rivaldi JD, Barbosa JC, de Castro HF. Biosynthesis, characterization and enzymatic transesterification of single cell oil of Mucor circinelloides—a sustainable pathway for biofuel production. Bioresour Technol. 2015;181:47–53.
John RP, Anisha GS, Nampoothiri KM, Pandey A. Micro and macroalgal biomass: a renewable source for bioethanol. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102(1):186–93.
Ge L, Wang P, Mou H. Study on saccharification techniques of seaweed wastes for the transformation of ethanol. Renew Energy. 2011;36(1):84–9.
Takagi T, Yokoi T, Shibata T, Morisaka H, Kuroda K, Ueda M. Engineered yeast whole-cell biocatalyst for direct degradation of alginate from macroalgae and production of non-commercialized useful monosaccharide from alginate. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016;100(4):1723–32.
Ji SQ, Wang B, Lu M, Li FL. Direct bioconversion of brown algae into ethanol by thermophilic bacterium Defluviitalea phaphyphila. Biotechnol Biofuels. 2016;9:81.
Wargacki AJ, Leonard E, Win MN, Regitsky DD, Santos CNS, Kim PB, Cooper SR, Raisner RM, Herman A, Sivitz AB, Lakshmanaswamy A, Kashiyama Y, Baker D, Yoshikuni Y. An engineered microbial platform for direct biofuel production from brown macroalgae. Science. 2012;335(6066):308–13.
Popper ZA, Michel G, Herve C, Domozych DS, Willats WG, Tuohy MG, Kloareg B, Stengel DB. Evolution and diversity of plant cell walls: from algae to flowering plants. Annu Rev Plant Biol. 2011;62:567–90.
Kloareg B, Demarty M, Mabeau S. Ion-exchange properties of isolated cell walls of brown algae: the interstitial solution. J Exp Bot. 1987;38(10):1652–62.
Gacesa P. Alginates. Carbohydr Polym. 1988;8(3):161–82.
Sellimi S, Younes I, Ayed H, Maalej H, Montero V, Rinaudo M, Dahia M, Mechichi T, Hajji M, Nasri M. Structural, physicochemical and antioxidant properties of sodium alginate isolated from a Tunisian brown seaweed. Int J Biol Macromol. 2014;72:1358–67.
Tang JC, Taniguchi H, Chu H, Zhou Q, Nagata S. Isolation and characterization of alginate degrading bacteria for disposal of seaweed wastes. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2008;48(1):38–43.
Liu J, Yang S, Li X, Yan Q, Reaney MJT, Jiang Z. Alginate oligosaccharides: production, biological activities, and potential applications. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf. 2019;18(6):1859–81.
Wong TY, Preston LA, Schiller NL. Alginate lyase: review of major sources and enzyme characteristics, structure-function analysis, biological roles, and applications. Annu Rev Microbiol. 2000;54(1):289–340.
Gao S, Zhang Z, Li S, Su H, Tang L, Tan Y, Yu W, Han F. Characterization of a new endo-type polysaccharide lyase (PL) family 6 alginate lyase with cold-adapted and metal ions-resisted property. Int J Biol Macromol. 2018;120:729–35.
Xu F, Dong F, Wang P, Cao HY, Li CY, Li PY, Pang XH, Zhang YZ, Chen XL. Novel molecular insights into the catalytic mechanism of marine bacterial alginate lyase AlyGC from polysaccharide lyase family 6. J Biol Chem. 2017;292(11):4457–68.
Chen XL, Dong S, Xu F, Dong F, Li PY, Zhang XY, Zhou BC, Zhang YZ, Xie BB. Characterization of a new cold-adapted and salt-activated polysaccharide lyase family 7 alginate lyase from Pseudoalteromonas sp. SM0524. Front Microbiol. 2016;7:1120.
Rauch ME, Graef HW, Rozenzhak SM, Jones SE, Bleckmann CA, Kruger RL, Naik RR, Stone MO. Characterization of microbial contamination in United States Air Force aviation fuel tanks. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006;33(1):29–36.
Thomas F, Lundqvist LC, Jam M, Jeudy A, Barbeyron T, Sandstrom C, Michel G, Czjzek M. Comparative characterization of two marine alginate lyases from Zobellia galactanivorans reveals distinct modes of action and exquisite adaptation to their natural substrate. J Biol Chem. 2013;288(32):23021–37.
Li S, Yang X, Zhang L, Yu W, Han F. Cloning, expression, and characterization of a cold-adapted and surfactant-stable alginate lyase from marine bacterium Agarivorans sp. L11. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2015;25(5):681–6.
Dong S, Yang J, Zhang X-Y, Shi M, Song X-Y, Chen X-L, Zhang Y-Z. Cultivable alginate lyase-excreting bacteria associated with the Arctic brown alga Laminaria. Mar Drugs. 2012;10(11):2481–91.
Vester J, Glaring M, Stougaard P. Discovery of novel enzymes with industrial potential from a cold and alkaline environment by a combination of functional metagenomics and culturing. Microb Cell Fact. 2014;13(1):72.
De Santi C, Tedesco P, Ambrosino L, Altermark B, Willassen NP, de Pascale D. A new alkaliphilic cold-active esterase from the psychrophilic marine bacterium Rhodococcus sp.: functional and structural studies and biotechnological potential. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2014;172(6):3054–68.
Hu X, Jiang X, Hwang HM. Purification and characterization of an alginate lyase from marine Bacterium Vibrio sp. mutant strain 510-64. Curr Microbiol. 2006;53(2):135–40.
Wang B, Ji S-Q, Lu M, Li F-L. Biochemical and structural characterization of alginate lyases: an update. Curr Biotechnol. 2015;4(3):223–39.
Kim HS, Lee C-G, Lee EY. Alginate lyase: structure, property, and application. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng. 2011;16(5):843–51.
Inoue A, Anraku M, Nakagawa S, Ojima T. Discovery of a novel alginate lyase from Nitratiruptor sp. SB155-2 thriving at deep-sea hydrothermal vents and identification of the residues responsible for its heat stability. J Biol Chem. 2016;291(30):15551–63.
Huang G, Wang Q, Lu M, Xu C, Li F, Zhang R, Liao W, Huang S. AlgM4: a new salt-activated alginate lyase of the PL7 family with endolytic activity. Mar Drugs. 2018;16(4):120.
Nakata S, Murata K, Hashimoto W, Kawai S. Uncovering the reactive nature of 4-deoxy-l-erythro-5-hexoseulose uronate for the utilization of alginate, a promising marine biopolymer. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):1–11.
Yu Z, Zhu B, Wang W, Tan H, Yin H. Characterization of a new oligoalginate lyase from marine bacterium Vibrio sp. Int J Biol Macromol. 2018;112:937–42.
Li S, Wang L, Chen X, Zhao W, Sun M, Han Y. Cloning, expression, and biochemical characterization of two new oligoalginate lyases with synergistic degradation capability. Mar Biotechnol. 2018;20(1):75–86.
Park HH, Kam N, Lee EY, Kim HS. Cloning and characterization of a novel oligoalginate lyase from a newly isolated bacterium Sphingomonas sp. MJ-3. Mar Biotechnol. 2012;14(2):189–202.
Park D, Jagtap S, Nair SK. Structure of a PL17 family alginate lyase demonstrates functional similarities among exotype depolymerases. J Biol Chem. 2014;289(12):8645–55.
Ochiai A, Hashimoto W, Murata K. A biosystem for alginate metabolism in Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain C58: molecular identification of Atu3025 as an exotype family PL-15 alginate lyase. Res Microbiol. 2006;157(7):642–9.
Suzuki H, Suzuki K, Inoue A, Ojima T. A novel oligoalginate lyase from abalone, Haliotis discus hannai, that releases disaccharide from alginate polymer in an exolytic manner. Carbohydr Res. 2006;341(11):1809–19.
Ochiai A, Yamasaki M, Mikami B, Hashimoto W, Murata K. Crystal structure of exotype alginate lyase Atu3025 from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. J Biol Chem. 2010;285(32):24519–28.
Hashimoto W, Miyake O, Momma K, Kawai S, Murata K. Molecular identification of oligoalginate lyase of Sphingomonas sp. strain A1 as one of the enzymes required for complete depolymerization of alginate. J Bacteriol. 2000;182(16):4572–7.
MacDonald LC, Weiler EB, Berger BW. Engineering broad-spectrum digestion of polyuronides from an exolytic polysaccharide lyase. Biotechnol Biofuels. 2016;9:43.
Lu D, Zhang Q, Wang S, Guan J, Jiao R, Han N, Han W, Li F. Biochemical characteristics and synergistic effect of two novel alginate lyases from Photobacterium sp. FC615. Biotechnol Biofuels. 2019;12:260.
Gimpel JA, Ravanal MC, Salazar O, Lienqueo ME. Saccharification of brown macroalgae using an arsenal of recombinant alginate lyases: potential application in the biorefinery process. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2018;28(10):1671–82.
Zhu B, Ni F, Sun Y, Ning L, Yao Z. Elucidation of degrading pattern and substrate recognition of a novel bifunctional alginate lyase from Flammeovirga sp. NJ-04 and its use for preparation alginate oligosaccharides. Biotechnol Biofuels. 2019;12:13.
Zhu B, Yin H. Alginate lyase: review of major sources and classification, properties, structure-function analysis and applications. Bioengineered. 2015;6(3):125–31.
Eisenberg D, Lüthy R, Bowie JU. VERIFY3D: assessment of protein models with three-dimensional profiles. Nature. 1992;356(6364):83–5.
Xu F, Wang P, Zhang YZ, Chen XL. Diversity of three-dimensional structures and catalytic mechanisms of alginate lyases. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2018;84(3):e02040-17.
Fischer A, Wefers D. Chromatographic analysis of alginate degradation by five recombinant alginate lyases from Cellulophaga algicola DSM 14237. Food Chem. 2019;299:125142.
Hirayama M, Hashimoto W, Murata K, Kawai S. Comparative characterization of three bacterial exo-type alginate lyases. Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;86:519–24.
Badur AH, Jagtap SS, Yalamanchili G, Lee JK, Zhao H, Rao CV. Alginate lyases from alginate-degrading Vibrio splendidus 12B01 are endolytic. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2015;81(5):1865–73.
Yang X, Li S, Wu Y, Yu W, Han F. Cloning and characterization of two thermo- and salt-tolerant oligoalginate lyases from marine bacterium Halomonas sp. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2016;363:fnw079.
Mori T, Takahashi M, Tanaka R, Miyake H, Shibata T, Chow S, Kuroda K, Ueda M, Takeyama H. Falsirhodobacter sp. alg1 harbors single homologs of endo and exo-Type alginate lyases efficient for alginate depolymerization. PLoS ONE. 2016;11(5):e0155537.
He M, Guo M, Zhang X, Chen K, Yan J, Irbis C. Purification and characterization of alginate lyase from Sphingomonas sp. ZH0. J Biosci Bioeng. 2018;126(3):310–6.
Li S, Wang L, Han F, Gong Q, Yu W. Cloning and characterization of the first polysaccharide lyase family 6 oligoalginate lyase from marine Shewanella sp. Kz7. J Biochem. 2015;159(1):77–86.
Pei X, Chang Y, Shen J. Cloning, expression and characterization of an endo-acting bifunctional alginate lyase of marine bacterium Wenyingzhuangia fucanilytica. Protein Expr Purif. 2019;154:44–51.
Yagi H, Fujise A, Itabashi N, Ohshiro T. Characterization of a novel endo-type alginate lyase derived from Shewanella sp YH1. J Biochem. 2018;163(4):341–50.
Yagi H, Isobe N, Itabashi N, Fujise A, Ohshiro T. Characterization of a long-lived alginate lyase derived from Shewanella species YH1. Mar Drugs. 2017;16(1):4.
Han F, Gong QH, Song K, Li JB, Yu WG. Cloning, sequence analysis and expression of gene alyVI encoding alginate lyase from marine bacterium Vibrio sp. QY101. DNA Seq. 2004;15(5–6):344–50.
Duarte AWF, Dos Santos JA, Vianna MV, Vieira JMF, Mallagutti VH, Inforsato FJ, Wentzel LCP, Lario LD, Rodrigues A, Pagnocca FC, Pessoa Junior A, Duraes Sette L. Cold-adapted enzymes produced by fungi from terrestrial and marine Antarctic environments. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2018;38(4):600–19.
Jiang Z, Guo Y, Wang X, Li H, Ni H, Li L, Xiao A, Zhu Y. Molecular cloning and characterization of AlgL17, a new exo-oligoalginate lyase from Microbulbifer sp. ALW1. Protein Expr Purif. 2019;161:17–27.
Hu F, Li Q, Zhu B, Ni F, Sun Y, Yao Z. Effects of module truncation on biochemical characteristics and products distribution of a new alginate lyase with two catalytic modules. Glycobiology. 2019;29(12):876–84.
Daboor SM, Raudonis R, Cohen A, Rohde JR, Cheng Z. Marine bacteria, a source for alginolytic enzyme to disrupt Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Mar Drugs. 2019; 17(5).
Temuujin U, Chi WJ, Chang YK, Hong SK. Identification and biochemical characterization of Sco3487 from Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), an exo- and endo-type β-agarase-producing neoagarobiose. J Bacteriol. 2011;194(1):142–9.
Inoue A. Characterization of PL-7 family alginate lyases from marine organisms and their applications. Method Enzymol. 2018;605:499–524.
Bonn G, Grünwald M, Scherz H, Bobleter O. Thin-layer electrophoretic behaviour of oligo- and monosaccharides, uronic acids and polyhydroxy compounds obtained as biomass degradation products. J Chromatogr A. 1986;370(3):485–93.
Zhu B, Tan H, Qin Y, Xu Q, Du Y, Yin H. Characterization of a new endo-type alginate lyase from Vibrio sp. W13. Int J Biol Macromol. 2015;75:330–7.
Rahman MM, Inoue A, Tanaka H, Ojima T. cDNA cloning of an alginate lyase from a marine gastropod Aplysia kurodai and assessment of catalytically important residues of this enzyme. Biochimie. 2011;93(10):1720–30.
Qin HM, Miyakawa T, Inoue A, Nishiyama R, Nakamura A, Asano A, Sawano Y, Ojima T, Tanokura M. Structure and polymannuronate specificity of a eukaryotic member of polysaccharide lyase family 14. J Biol Chem. 2017;292:2182–90.
Miyake O, Hashimoto W, Murata K. An exotype alginate lyase in Sphingomonas sp. A1: overexpression in Escherichia coli, purification, and characterization of alginate lyase IV (A1-IV). Protein Expres Purif. 2003;29(1):33–41.
Fu XT, Lin H, Kim SM. Purification and characterization of a Na+/K+ dependent alginate lyase from turban shell gut Vibrio sp. YKW-34. Enzyme Microb Technol. 2007;41(6–7):828–34.