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  1. Drying is currently the most frequently used conservation method for cereal grain, which in temperate climates consumes a major part of process energy. Airtight storage of moist feed grain using the biocontrol...

    Authors: Volkmar Passoth, Anna Eriksson, Mats Sandgren, Jerry Ståhlberg, Kathleen Piens and Johan Schnürer
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:16
  2. Improvement of the process of cellulase production and development of more efficient lignocellulose-degrading enzymes are necessary in order to reduce the cost of enzymes required in the biomass-to-bioethanol ...

    Authors: Krisztina Kovacs, Stefano Macrelli, George Szakacs and Guido Zacchi
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:14
  3. This work explores the potential contribution of bioenergy technologies to 60% and 80% carbon reductions in the UK energy system by 2050, by outlining the potential for accelerated technological development of...

    Authors: Donna Clarke, Sophie Jablonski, Brighid Moran, Gabrial Anandarajah and Gail Taylor
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:13
  4. The production of hydrogen from biomass by fermentation is one of the routes that can contribute to a future sustainable hydrogen economy. Lignocellulosic biomass is an attractive feedstock because of its abun...

    Authors: Truus de Vrije, Robert R Bakker, Miriam AW Budde, Man H Lai, Astrid E Mars and Pieternel AM Claassen
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:12
  5. Throughout immeasurable time, microorganisms evolved and accumulated remarkable physiological and functional heterogeneity, and now constitute the major reserve for genetic diversity on earth. Using metagenomi...

    Authors: Luen-Luen Li, Sean R McCorkle, Sebastien Monchy, Safiyh Taghavi and Daniel van der Lelie
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:10
  6. Xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) from Pichia stipitis are the two enzymes most commonly used in recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains engineered for xylose utilization. The availabilit...

    Authors: Oskar Bengtsson, Bärbel Hahn-Hägerdal and Marie F Gorwa-Grauslund
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:9
  7. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) is a promising process option for ethanol production from lignocellulosic materials. However, both the overall ethanol yield and the final ethanol concentra...

    Authors: Magnus Bertilsson, Kim Olofsson and Gunnar Lidén
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:8
  8. Microbial fuel cells (MFC) and microbial electrolysis cells are electrical devices that treat water using microorganisms and convert soluble organic matter into electricity and hydrogen, respectively. Emerging...

    Authors: Abhijeet P Borole, Jonathan R Mielenz, Tatiana A Vishnivetskaya and Choo Y Hamilton
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:7
  9. Two-step dilute acid hydrolysis of softwood, either as a stand-alone process or as pretreatment before enzymatic hydrolysis, is considered to result in higher sugar yields than one-step acid hydrolysis. Howeve...

    Authors: Sanam Monavari, Mats Galbe and Guido Zacchi
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:6
  10. Improvement of biofeedstock quality for cellulosic ethanol production will be facilitated by inexpensive and rapid methods of evaluation, such as those already employed in the field of ruminant nutrition. Our ...

    Authors: Aaron J Lorenz, Rob P Anex, Asli Isci, James G Coors, Natalia de Leon and Paul J Weimer
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:5
  11. Enzymatic corn wet milling (E-milling) is a process derived from conventional wet milling for the recovery and purification of starch and co-products using proteases to eliminate the need for sulfites and decr...

    Authors: Edna C Ramírez, David B Johnston, Andrew J McAloon and Vijay Singh
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:2
  12. Transesterification of Jatropha oil was carried out in t-butanol solvent using immobilized lipase from Enterobacter aerogenes. The presence of t-butanol significantly reduced the negative effects caused by both m...

    Authors: Annapurna Kumari, Paramita Mahapatra, Vijay Kumar Garlapati and Rintu Banerjee
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2009 2:1
  13. Due to its capacity to produce large amounts of cellulases, Trichoderma reesei is increasingly been researched in various fields of white biotechnology, especially in biofuel production from lignocellulosic bioma...

    Authors: Isabelle Herpoël-Gimbert, Antoine Margeot, Alain Dolla, Gwénaël Jan, Daniel Mollé, Sabrina Lignon, Hughes Mathis, Jean-Claude Sigoillot, Frédéric Monot and Marcel Asther
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:18
  14. The availability and low cost of lignocellulosic biomass has caused tremendous interest in the bioconversion of this feedstock into liquid fuels. One measure of the economic viability of the bioconversion proc...

    Authors: Lisa J Haney, James G Coors, Aaron J Lorenz, DRaj Raman, Robert P Anex and MPaul Scott
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:17
  15. Ethanolic fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass is a sustainable option for the production of bioethanol. This process would greatly benefit from recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains also able to fermen...

    Authors: Maurizio Bettiga, Bärbel Hahn-Hägerdal and Marie F Gorwa-Grauslund
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:16
  16. Brachypodium distachyon constitutes an excellent model species for grasses. It is a small, easily propagated, temperate grass with a rapid life cycle and a small genome. It is a self-fertile plant that can be tra...

    Authors: Leonardo D Gomez, Jennifer K Bristow, Emily R Statham and Simon J McQueen-Mason
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:15
  17. The limited availability of fossil fuel sources, worldwide rising energy demands and anticipated climate changes attributed to an increase of greenhouse gasses are important driving forces for finding alternat...

    Authors: Ronald HW Maas, Robert R Bakker, Arjen R Boersma, Iemke Bisschops, Jan R Pels, Ed de Jong, Ruud A Weusthuis and Hans Reith
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:14
  18. Lignocellulosic bioethanol technologies exhibit significant capacity for performance improvement across the supply chain through the development of high-yielding energy crops, integrated pretreatment, hydrolys...

    Authors: Alex J Dunnett, Claire S Adjiman and Nilay Shah
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:13
  19. Pichia stipitis xylose reductase (Ps-XR) has been used to design Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that are able to ferment xylose. One example is the industrial S. cerevisiae xylose-consuming strain TMB3400, whic...

    Authors: João RM Almeida, Tobias Modig, Anja Röder, Gunnar Lidén and Marie-F Gorwa-Grauslund
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:12
  20. Engineering microorganisms to improve metabolite flux requires detailed knowledge of the concentrations and flux rates of metabolites and metabolic intermediates in vivo. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer se...

    Authors: Thijs Kaper, Ida Lager, Loren L Looger, Diane Chermak and Wolf B Frommer
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:11
  21. The cellulase producing ascomycete, Trichoderma reesei (Hypocrea jecorina), is known to secrete a range of enzymes important for ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. It is also widely used for the com...

    Authors: Tina Jeoh, William Michener, Michael E Himmel, Stephen R Decker and William S Adney
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:10
  22. A metabolic regulation study was performed, based upon measurements of enzymatic activities, fermentation performance, and RT-PCR analysis of pathways related to central carbon metabolism, in an ethanologenic Esc...

    Authors: Montserrat Orencio-Trejo, Noemí Flores, Adelfo Escalante, Georgina Hernández-Chávez, Francisco Bolívar, Guillermo Gosset and Alfredo Martinez
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:8
  23. Ethanol is a biofuel that is used as a replacement for approximately 3% of the fossil-based gasoline consumed in the world today. Most of this biofuel is produced from sugarcane in Brazil and corn in the Unite...

    Authors: José Goldemberg
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:6
  24. Pretreatment is an essential step in the enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass and subsequent production of bioethanol. Recent results indicate that only a mild pretreatment is necessary in an industrial, economical...

    Authors: Jan B Kristensen, Lisbeth G Thygesen, Claus Felby, Henning Jørgensen and Thomas Elder
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:5
  25. Lignocellulosic materials are abundant and among the most important potential sources for bioethanol production. Although the pretreatment of lignocellulose is necessary for efficient saccharification and ferm...

    Authors: Ayako Endo, Toshihide Nakamura, Akira Ando, Ken Tokuyasu and Jun Shima
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:3
  26. Lignocellulosic biomass such as wood is an attractive material for fuel ethanol production. Pretreatment technologies that increase the digestibility of cellulose and hemicellulose in the lignocellulosic bioma...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Inoue, Shinichi Yano, Takashi Endo, Tsuyoshi Sakaki and Shigeki Sawayama
    Citation: Biotechnology for Biofuels 2008 1:2